Explanation of Genes, Alleles, Genotype, Phenotype
Silky Beardog genes are made of pairs of alleles. The alleles are represented by abbreviations of the name of the gene.
Example - the Light Accent gene is abbreviated as La. If a Beardog has both alleles, it is written as LaLa. If it only has one allele, it is written as nLa. When bred, each pup will receive one allele of each gene that the parents carry.
The Genotype field in the description on a Silky Beardog reference is a list of abbreviated genes that a Beardog has, and how many alleles of each gene.
The Phenotype field in the description on a reference is a list of genes that appear visually on the Beardog.
There are 4 different types of genes in Silky Beardogs
1. Dominant - these genes have only one form and a Silky Beardog needs only one (nLa vs LaLa) for it to appear.
2. Incomplete Dominant - these genes have a "super" form that has a different appearance when the Beardog has both alleles of the gene.
3. Recessive - these genes only appear when the Beardog has both alleles of the gene. If the Beardog only has one allele of the gene, it is included in the phenotype list as "heterozygous for (gene name)".
4. Anomoly - these genes are completely random and non-inherited, and are not included in the genotype list.
Each Beardog's genotype includes all alleles for base color. Base color is only shown when an uppercase letter is in the genotype. If there is more than one uppercase letter, the base coat will show as the more common color, but the Beardog will be a carrier for the less common color.
All Normal (lacking modifying genes) base colors are somewhat desaturated. Example
Colors of offspring should be somewhat similar to parent colors.
Yellow (Yy YY) - the most common base color
Red (Rr RR) - less common than yellow
Blue (Bb BB) - least common
Purple (Rr/BB RR/BB) - only produced with the correct combination of Red and Blue alleles
List of Markings
Silky Beardogs can carry a wide array of markings inspired by other animals and natural elements.
(all are dominant unless stated otherwise)
As a general rule, marking colors of offspring should be similar to either parent.
Gray (nG GG)- desaturates base and marking colors to an extent Example
Light fader (nLf LfLf) - lighter/desaturated gradient from the front of the body, only effects the base coat Example
Sunrise (nSun SunSun) - lighter/desaturated gradient from the top of the body, only effects the base coat Example
Color point (nCpY CpYCpY, nCpR CpRCpR, nCpB CpBCpB, nCpP CpPCpP) - points of color similar to a siamese cat. The points are either Yellow, Red, Blue, or Purple (if a Red point and Blue point are bred together this is a possible combination). Example
Saddleback (nSb SbSb) - a broad marking extending across the top of the back, darker than the base coat
Splash (nSp SpSp) - white only on bottom half of body or less - if on foot, pink paw pads and light claws, if on face, pink skin, if over eye, pink skin and light iris. May be asymmetrical. Covers all markings except Smoked.
Appaloosa (nAp ApAp) - when containing one allele, this gene presents with a broad marking over the rump which is lighter in color than the base coat, either with "holes" inside, or with spots that are darker than the base coat. The darker spots may be seen in other areas of the body. When both alleles are present, these gene shows over the entire body (Incomplete dominant)
Mask (nM MM) - the majority of the face is black
Winged (nW WW) - markings on arm feathers all the way up the back
White tip (nWt WtWt) - under 50% of tail is white Example
Light accents (nLa LaLa) - lighter than the base color, soft and blended, sharp, or a mixture of both. It is found on the undersides, legs, sides of the muzzle, cheeks, and around the eyes. Can also be seen in the undercoat Example
Dun (nDn DnDn) - dorsal stripe that may begin between the eyes, down to the end of the tail, that may extend down the front of the shoulders. May also extend as a saddle border and tail scent gland marking, as well as show striping on the bottom half of the legs Example
Skunk, Striped skunk (nSk SkSk) - when containing one allele, this gene presents with two white stripes down the back and tail. When both alleles are present, this gene shows as white markings on the body similar to a spotted skunk (Incomplete dominant)
Dapple (nD DD) - effects only the base coat, and shows as lighter spots over either the trunk of the body or the entire body Example
Maned (nMnd MndMnd) - similar to a lion, the majority of the neck and underside fur will be one solid color
Anteater (nAnt AntAnt) - long dark bib with a light border
Axanthic (nAx AxAx) - lack of yellow pigment on the base coat Example
Anerythristic (nAn AnAn) - lack of red pigment on the base coat (recessive) Example
Dark fader (nDf DfDf) - darker/desaturated gradient from the front of the body, only effects the base coat Example
Sunset (nSet SetSet) - darker/desaturated gradient from the top of the body, only effects the base coat Example
Roan (nRn RnRn) - mostly even mixture of colored and white hairs on the body, some areas may have gradually more or less white hairs
Lynx point (nLpY LpLpY, nLpR LpLpR, nLpB LpLpB, nLpP LpLpP) - points of color similar to a siamese cat, but with stripes instead of a solid marking. The points are either Yellow, Red, Blue, or Purple (if a Red point and Blue point are bred together this is a possible combination).
Sable (nSb SbSb) - dark wash over body, not on ear fluff, around eyes, or butt fluff. Only affects base coat. Example
Jewel face (nJ JJ) - large area of light color around eyes, can be saturated, even when gray is present
Iced (nIce IceIce) - found on tips of neck fur and tip of the tail, may be any color
Piebald (nP PP) - any amount can be shown (frame pattern not allowed), if on foot, pink paw pads and light claws, if on face, pink skin, if over eye, pink skin and light iris. May be asymmetrical. Covers all markings except Smoked.
Striped appaloosa (nSt StSt) - light and dark stripes on rump
Calico (nCal CalCal) - irregular white markings appearing anywhere, similar to Merle pattern
Skull, Hooded (nSkl SkSkl) - when containing one allele, the majority of the face is white. When both alleles are present, the marking extends to include the neck fur (incomplete dominant)
Marbled (nMbl MblMbl) - appears as marbled, or classic, tabby stripes
Dark accents (nDa DaDa) - darker than the base color, soft and blended, sharp, or a mixture of both. It is found on the undersides, legs, sides of the muzzle, cheeks, and around the eyes. Can also be seen in the undercoat
Zorse (nZ ZZ) - irregular stripes, may be faded in some areas, spotty on rump
Ghost eye (nGst GstGst) - lack of pupils (recessive)
Wildebeest (nWld WldWld) - dark, desaturated stripes on neck and shoulders
Cape (nCp CpCp) - covers neck, shoulders, and front legs
Merle (nMrlY MrlMrlY, nMrlR MrlMrlR, nMrlB MrlMrlB, nMrlP MrlMrlP) - large, small, or mixture sized spots on the coat. The spots are either Yellow, Red, Blue, or Purple (if a Red point and Blue point are bred together this is a possible combination). The majority of the spots must be darker than the base coat. Any lighter spots must not be white.
Melanistic (nMel MelMel) - darkens the base coat, enlarges and darkens dark markings, shrinks light markings Example
Hypomelanistic (nHyp HypHyp) - lightens and saturates the base coat and all markings other than white markings Example
Color fader (nCf CfCf) - saturated gradient from any direction of the body, only effects the base coat Example
T+ Albino (nT+ T+T+) - anything black turns purple/lilac, all other colors lighter and more saturated. Effects all markings (recessive)
Frame (nFr FrFr) - a pied marking that rarely reaches the outside edges of the body, from side view
Black Calico (nBc BcBc) - irregular black markings appearing anywhere, similar to Merle pattern
Vitiligo (nV VV) - random white fur strands that may appear anywhere, in any pattern (recessive)
White brindle (nWbr WbrWbr) - clusters of white stripes in a brindle pattern, only a small number of stripes in a few areas allowed (recessive)
Tiger (nTgr TgrTgr) - tiger stripes, may be faded in some areas
Galaxy (nGx GxGx) - stars, nebulas, galaxies, etc. Appears in dark markings only
Chrome claw (nCh ChCh) - front claws are polished chrome (recessive)
Koifish (nKoi KoiKoi) - covers entire body and all markings except for Smoked. Coat has the pattern of any realistic Koi fish (recessive)
Smoked (nSmk SmkSmk) - dark wash covers all (recessive)
Iridescence (nIrr IrrIrr) - in certain lighting, many other colors will reflect off of the fur
Anomoly / Non-genetic / Random -
Paradox - a Paradox Beardog is a chimera; a Beardog with two sets of genotypes. In some areas of the coat, it will express one of its genotypes, and in others it will express its second genotype.
Blackout - solid black coat with black eyes
Whiteout - solid white coat with white eyes
Demon - black teeth, gums, and tongue